Machu Picchu is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Peru. It is an ancient Incan city that was built in the 15th century and is situated on a mountain ridge above the Sacred Valley.
Machu Picchu is considered to be one of the most famous and popular tourist destinations in Peru, and for good reason. Its location and the stunning scenery around it make it a breathtaking sight to see. Here are some of the things to do when visiting Machu Picchu:
Explore the ruins: The main attraction of Machu Picchu is the ruins themselves. You can explore the different structures and learn about their historical significance.
Hike to Huayna Picchu: Huayna Picchu is the mountain that towers above Machu Picchu, and it’s possible to hike to the top for a stunning view of the ruins below.
Walk the Inca Trail: The Inca Trail is a 4-day trek that takes you through the Andes Mountains and ends at Machu Picchu. It’s a challenging but rewarding experience for those who enjoy hiking.
Visit the Sun Gate: The Sun Gate is a structure located above Machu Picchu and is believed to have been used as a checkpoint for those entering the city. It offers a stunning view of the ruins and the surrounding mountains.
Learn about Incan culture: Machu Picchu offers a unique opportunity to learn about Incan culture and history. You can visit the museum and watch cultural shows to learn more about the ancient civilization.
Machu Picchu is a truly unique and special destination that should be on the bucket list of any traveler visiting Peru.
History: Machu Picchu was built by the Incan Empire in the 15th century, but was abandoned a century later during the Spanish conquest of Peru. The site was rediscovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, an American archaeologist.
Location: Machu Picchu is located in the Andes Mountains in Peru, at an elevation of 7,972 feet (2,430 meters). It is situated above the Sacred Valley, a fertile agricultural region in the Andean highlands.
Access: The easiest way to access Machu Picchu is by train from the city of Cusco. The train takes you through the Sacred Valley and stops at the town of Aguas Calientes, which is the gateway to Machu Picchu. From Aguas Calientes, you can take a bus or hike up to the ruins.
Weather: The weather at Machu Picchu is generally mild and temperate, with average temperatures in the 60s and 70s Fahrenheit (15-25 degrees Celsius). The rainy season is from November to April, and the dry season is from May to October.
Tickets: To visit Machu Picchu, you need to purchase a ticket in advance. The number of visitors allowed per day is limited, so it’s recommended to book your ticket well in advance, especially during peak season (June to August).
Conservation: Machu Picchu is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is protected by the Peruvian government. Visitors are required to follow certain rules to protect the site, such as not touching the ruins or littering.
Machu Picchu is a truly awe-inspiring destination, and a visit there is an unforgettable experience that will stay with you for a lifetime.