Argentina, a pearl, Iguazu Falls
Argentina is a country located in South America, bordered by Chile to the west, Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. With a population of approximately 45 million people, Argentina is the eighth largest country in the world by land area, and the second largest in South America after Brazil.
There are many fascinating aspects to Argentina, including its culture, history, geography, and economy. Here are some key things to know about this vibrant and dynamic country:
- Tango: Argentina is famous for its tango dance, which originated in the late 19th century in the working-class neighborhoods of Buenos Aires. The dance is characterized by its dramatic, sensuous movements and is often accompanied by melancholy music played on the bandoneón, a type of accordion.
- Food and Wine: Argentina is known for its delicious cuisine, which is heavily influenced by Spanish and Italian traditions. Popular dishes include asado (barbecued meat), empanadas (meat or vegetable turnovers), and milanesa (breaded meat cutlets). Argentina is also renowned for its wine, particularly its Malbec varietal, which is grown in the Mendoza region.
- Football: Football (or soccer) is a national obsession in Argentina, and the country has produced many legendary players, including Diego Maradona and Lionel Messi. The Argentine national team has won two World Cup championships, in 1978 and 1986.
- Geography: Argentina is a vast country with a diverse range of landscapes, from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Pampas grasslands in the east. The country is also home to many natural wonders, including Iguazu Falls, the Perito Moreno Glacier, and the Valdes Peninsula, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Political History: Argentina has a complex political history, marked by periods of instability and authoritarian rule. In the 20th century, the country experienced several military dictatorships, including the so-called “Dirty War” in the 1970s, during which tens of thousands of people were killed or disappeared. Argentina returned to democracy in 1983, and since then has made significant progress in terms of human rights and political freedom.
- Economy: Argentina is one of the largest economies in Latin America, and is known for its abundant natural resources, including oil, gas, and agricultural products. However, the country has also struggled with high inflation, debt, and economic instability in recent years.
Overall, Argentina is a country with a rich and fascinating history, culture, and geography. Whether you’re interested in tango, football, or natural wonders, there is something for everyone in this vibrant and dynamic country.
Argentina is home to many natural wonders, but one that stands out is the breathtaking Iguazu Falls. Located in the province of Misiones, in the northeastern part of the country, the falls are shared with Brazil and are considered one of the most spectacular waterfalls in the world.
The Iguazu Falls consist of a series of 275 individual waterfalls, stretching over a distance of almost 2 miles (3 km) along the Iguazu River. The largest of these waterfalls is the Devil’s Throat, or Garganta del Diablo in Spanish, which is a U-shaped chasm that is over 260 feet (80 meters) high and 490 feet (150 meters) wide.
The falls are surrounded by lush tropical forests, which are home to a wide variety of wildlife, including monkeys, jaguars, and toucans. Visitors to the falls can explore the area by hiking along a series of trails and bridges that offer stunning views of the waterfalls from different angles.
One of the best ways to experience the Iguazu Falls is by taking a boat tour that will take you right up to the base of the falls. These tours are not for the faint of heart, as you will get drenched by the powerful spray of the waterfalls, but they offer a unique and unforgettable perspective on this natural wonder.
The Iguazu Falls are also recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and have been named one of the New Seven Wonders of Nature. They are an important tourist destination in Argentina, attracting millions of visitors every year.
In addition to its natural beauty, the Iguazu Falls are also significant for their cultural and historical importance. The falls have been a sacred site for the Guarani people, who have lived in the area for thousands of years, and who continue to honor their traditions and customs to this day.
Overall, the Iguazu Falls are a true pearl of Argentina, and a must-see destination for anyone visiting the country. With their stunning natural beauty, cultural significance, and unique wildlife, they are a true wonder of the world that will leave you in awe.
How to get to Argentina and what I need.
Getting to Argentina is relatively easy, as the country has several major airports and is well-connected to other parts of the world by air, sea, and land.
By Air: The main international airport in Argentina is Ministro Pistarini International Airport, also known as Ezeiza International Airport, located in the province of Buenos Aires. Other major airports in the country include Jorge Newbery Airport in Buenos Aires, and Cataratas del Iguazú International Airport in the province of Misiones. Major airlines that offer flights to Argentina include Aerolineas Argentinas, LATAM, American Airlines, Delta Airlines, and United Airlines, among others.
By Sea: Argentina has several major seaports, including the port of Buenos Aires, which is the largest and busiest port in the country. The port of Buenos Aires is well-connected to other parts of South America, as well as Europe and Asia, through a network of shipping lines.
By Land: Argentina shares borders with several neighboring countries, including Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil, and Uruguay. There are several border crossings that allow travelers to enter Argentina by land, including the Paso de los Libertadores, which connects Argentina with Chile, and the Friendship Bridge, which connects Argentina with Paraguay.
Visa Requirements: Whether you need a visa to enter Argentina depends on your nationality. Citizens of certain countries, including the United States, Canada, and most European countries, do not need a visa to enter Argentina for tourist purposes. However, citizens of other countries may need to apply for a visa before traveling to Argentina. It is important to check with the Argentine embassy or consulate in your country for specific visa requirements.
In addition to a valid passport and visa (if required), visitors to Argentina should also have proof of onward travel, such as a return ticket, and sufficient funds to support themselves during their stay. It is also recommended to have travel insurance that covers medical expenses and other unforeseen events.